Delle culture di oltre oceano

Ciao Amici avventurosi.

Questa e' una discussione che scaturisce a richiesta dal fatto che stavamo andando un po' OT su questa:

http://www.avventurosamente.it/xf/threads/vita-in-natura.28879/page-13#post-727886

Da parte mia sono molto contento, vivendo da queste parti, di aiutare a scoprire il piu' possibile su questo tema: Non credo di sapere molto piu' di voi, ma avendo vissuto qui' per decenni so' dove andare a trovare le referenze.

OK, partiamo cosi':

Consiglio della tribu' deiPiedi Neri:

"Gran Capo, come sara' questo inverno? Freddo o mite?", Il gran capo risponde: "Sara' freddo, preparatevi".
Il giorno dopo, il Gran Capo, astuto come e', prende il cellulare e chiama il servizio metereologico locale e chiede: "Come sara' l'Inverno? L 'addetto gli dice: Freddo!
Una settimana dopo, altro consiglio, stessa domanda: "Gran capo, sei sicuro che l'inverno sara' freddo?"
E lui risponde: "Si, preparatevi molto". Il giorno dopo chiama il servizio metereologico e richiede: "Sei sicuro che quest' inverno sara' freddo?
E l'addetto gli dice: "Sara' freddissimo, i Piedi Neri stanno spaccando legna come matti!!"



Nota tecnica: In ordine sparso mettero' qui' le referenze dalle quali ho preso un po' di info, per evitare di ripeterle ogni volta.


Comparative Studies of North American Indians
Harold E. Driver, William C. Massey

Atlas oof the North American Indian
Carl Waldman

Wikipedia
http://fnx.org/
Websites of various tribees and nations
http://www.census.gov/
http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cultura_Clovis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clovis_culture
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/ancient/explore-pre-clovis-sites.html

http://shinnecockmuseum.com/?sid=135&aid=6802&idpage=Visit Us
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Settlement_of_the_Americas
http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/ngm/0603/feature2/map.html
http://www.semtribe.com/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seminole_Tribe_of_Florida
https://www.google.it/search?q=seminole+everglade&espv=2&biw=1366&bih=655&tbm=isch&imgil=NKZ4Q7R483IK7M%3A%3BI7gfKAGRp3-bfM%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.pbs.org%252Fnationalparks%252Fmedia_detail%252F520%252F&source=iu&pf=m&fir=NKZ4Q7R483IK7M%3A%2CI7gfKAGRp3-bfM%2C_&usg=__NFfTWxVowDYTqQQ27-_PQQkQCV0=&ved=0CD0Qyjc&ei=_zEUVbTWB8rlUeuLgxg#imgdii=_
http://www.miccosukee.com/
http://www.muscogeenation-nsn.gov/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_S._Martin
http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paul_Martin_(paleontologo)
http://nature.berkeley.edu/classes/espm-103/Discovery of America.pdf
 
Ultima modifica:
Stavo dando uno sguardo ieri:


Newspaper rock, UTAH.

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4NE0hTIWDr/NPKNMf0CCXYc/49IaoFzUN6cftEqZjBuFPnSGBmb8V1g1ZjoapVQ3BjHiC1RcFxqBWnW0SylJdy4YFqA10BchhxNehhIPdNfT5rGX4OryJU1RGZRzHUnU8PeNzubhMFOklMyUjtkupQdRLOcqk14Fv5jCYaUpRCEgqWoslKbk6R0z+n+DMuQsrQULKyllIylgALm9X5RN6jUaH4NyMDtJCO0mGWolAUQkkMws1dRbwgvY2zpeJSuW6kz2KpTMQtgHQQbPcFx+dpvFh8Lh1oLSJZmEqebIVMBtmzKzUvSlKxUScGn+5SqTITmBCs+FxKVJBcXlrqE3duekBHI3H/ALDcKkY7DLYno3nSLDZWx1TkrW4CUKRn4pSpRGatwliTEu0MDKM+eUYiUgdqvuLEyneIPeCCDV4st0SU4sSc6FImIUleU5kqobHi9f5g3JqOgFFOWyu23s9UuYtCi6klnZszsXDcR9or+yAD2Ps0dH2xumZyJbTTnRLCMyg4WAe7mrQtrrGN2nu3iZA70vMi5UjvJAsX1HiI7FmUkk2ZkxOLtIqE686iJAigs9ujcYikzM3WJJUylqw8SRyg7w/LryhoJDn5whAlgecE0Ch6pTQTsnZpnqKe1loIZu0UwJ0AodBA0xdgIshLwhSB2k1C6ZllIWn/AJgE908wet6Rzb4mpKwtWzFyW7fC9qmnflKVUDgUUN/qIiTBTcOTnws9eHXRkzaoNTdSdOoaFJCJeVMnaBQ2ZnlrQK1q1yTqbACDV7QVMASrEYSYpP8A6ktQvfvMAzecIfL+X/imhyr+V/nTDTipiu4QmVNYkS//ACcSL9xVMq3NCDciCtgCRN7qFrl5A3YrPflqe6FPmAZ0sD1EV2zZkqWmsyUkfUtCJhmIWAanKoMhVHGU0aIMZjMDPX2hE6TMcd8BwT0zX5tzhXBt1TGc0ldoA3wwZl4pXdAzMQQAM1A6m4kvXi8U4EdH2ds2TipKVTF/3LFgtQKSGZ03dnGpN4wu8CQnEKCJSpQH6FVrqQ1GOlTa+gfhyX8PoRlx18vsDCWD0YUd/jw1hUco9KHcjhDSmragsYoQk9lr04/tGs/p/jcs5crRaXH/AFJ/YnyjKrVUFh4Dxg3ZE8jESVi4mDxBISR5GFZI3FoZjdSTOuFIhoELELypUogkJD0jInfpJJaQoN/ssA+x5x58ccpdF0skY9mryHjHsZNO+6SH7Bfgof8AbHkH+HyfX7g/iIff7FNiNqhMsyVSTNSgqVMlTUuJYcMZZqwAcXo4rFLtzZcnsU4jCpWmRmyLSskqSvQkuaF0gc+sXGMwyUoly1zM8qYokrQEpKQzFVQcpepBAqkVeJdyJ/YnFFMxQlJlmYlMwDiQFEOQDRi13ENT4rkv9gNW6Zmd3dl/3U8SivJmSVAs9q2cXEWm3N05+H/yEiZLTdSWDC3eSTxIs94sdhb1z5mJkib2akrJAOQAgMR3SK3p+LxvZ6ErCkqAUlQZQIcEGByZpwkjYYoSiziMwd4p+HT2hkkP3WfKX5VgvHYJSJq5Z+pJI4UBNRyIr4xFKWUlSQkd6lRUVdh81irlatCOO9kM0VJIfiwauvrSI5EurRY4ZYRMT2iQtAIKkKJALPdq69DR6UgbFFJmLyJygqOVLuySaB6O3GDtvwA1TJNkY+ZImGZKOVYo5APUV4x1PdLbC8TJUqYEhSV5WQGFknVR1PKOSrJzRrf6c48jEKl0yrS+t01GrChNTwif1ME43Wxvp5tSq9F//UrBleGCwkns1OSNAQxuoUdtCbWjC7rf/lSGdzMTQXI/V6PHTN8cGqbhJoSS4GZkhyrKXZubRy/Ye0DhpvaJSFLAIGZ2S9HYXLUuPqhOFv22huZLmmGbSxUgT5+bDpWDMVUTJoL5i5opnJewF40O4c5E2aoJw8uWmWihTmKq0qpTkuz6W1jHYguVFy6iSX1cu8b7+meBKZcyaT3ZjBHRILlnp3iR4PrG5aUDMduZqsTP7OStanZKSaEOwfjR45rg96sRLzlS1zJaqEEjMl3qkkEA8iCDwjo+2cOZmHnIBYqlqDtm04A1jkKgA4FWJFQxLFgWNRRqaQHp1F3YWdtNUEbWxaZq86ZQl1OYppnrdSQSEluGsQYPZc2bmEpBUQxLaOWHmYhqxHGGoWzGvCnKo9orVpUiZ03bLJe72KqOwW6SBRJLkkWajc7QN/4fPAKVSZoqWBlruBpTQRNi9oTu6szZh6zFXBNq9PKJZe28QnL/AJprAuQFl/U1oNecZ8zvhZVzJZTRSSlVKKBB4ihhLFmjQo3rxVSpSVhmKVoSXelaD4YhRteUSntMJJIFO4VIartRTa6jlBKcvK/cxxj4ZUBLj51iRCYtBKw03NkmdiaslaXTUU76U24uKVLnW42NucJsoKVMIJJ+kUyhwGJFe9V9QD1HSzJK3o6OJt0jJS0vTw8TaHZQFZeF4169wFsGnJFaljxo3rFjg9x5KUtMUpajcuzUYt41rAP1MEtMJenm/Bjdj7amYWYFJqknvoehHHkefKN/tvZCcZJCkjLMygy1GhDscqm0NuUF4LYOHlsUyklQsSHIroTFgiJcuZSkpRVMpx4motSZxhSChZSbhwpq1Ba9ojWG/i0aDfLAiVilMaTBnFyx19Q/jFEku4p4xfCXKNkUo8XQ6aGY08IK2MWnylGwmJs9sw+eMBpLUv8AjnDpVwSHAVZ+FTaOatHJ0zsmIKsisgdTHKCWc9Y5qvYU5SCpYAUD3jnSp68iS9a9SY029W8HZiSZKknN3+IKWpY2f25RnJ+1VLJURlzHS4fmRakS4ozStFOSUG6YCvZk1+6mnU+J8TWFB8vatKpWDrb8woouYmoGeGOUVKROCswL958ySwDVBIobe1xY7PnZcFi5hAObJKFWJdRJ4kDKQW1aPd800wyi3bKkjOxe1EmgAJcn/wDWH7vqTPweIwrJ7RjNQX+ohnuWDZQPHlVTa43/ADscvzUE7g7HKl/3BT3UOJZ/2UaE10A9TyjcTJiqsySBQqtpdtOenvitxdvyZcnspishBzJUQWUDxYUI+0G72bfQqQqXJUFE/WQKZXIYGxJPWgMInCU8lDYTjDHZi9r4gKnrUABnWTRiKl7h4bOLkE0fh4D7QKC5HIP941Owt3jN7Jc9XZoWppaD9U0fUQKuAwNeHgYpm1BKyeNyYDsbZ5nrP+NSkgEOkG4SSKuzuAwJh6t0sW7plsRUHtEBjcVCrjjHT5OHSkBKBkAsE0A8LR6qWdQD0ofnjE/4ufS6Hfh49s5tK3IxdR/iOr5/Bg6f2i43d3RnSJyJypqQUq+kOcySGIejX4aRsBNHFjwVQx6pZo9PUQuWabVBxxQTCDMpahjM4LcnDjM5mqSpQVkzMAzt9LOKm8aALDU9IehdCwBpxhNyXQ1qL7KRO5uFCwrs1EMxSVEgvx1pa8X0mWEAJQkJSLBIAHkIaZtKsIclbwLbfZqS8EgVHK958EZWIWLJKsySHNCXHjQ+UdUEcr3zmH+9m1Vozhm7oHd4h3r14RRg/MJz/lKnFKDkC4LDp+Y9QkfSwLsxaoPI0bqYGUryKvOJ0nwA9ef28IuqiOySeUkMKsWHMPT0AiMkEFtKWvqfKGFXeAu1/P8AiHEcOp61g0tANkqAC1WGvS+sRoYG/jCyqTQpIzVFCHGhHGPJ6qPw9tI5Rs5sL2ThO1ny5QLZy3QCpIfk8bPZe9EqWtUkIEuSlWVBDvdipXIkEu71F4xuy9prkFZQzqRldqjmD89IFWpjTUVpz61hc8fN7Dhk49HY5WOlqSVJWkp1IUCPPSJJmISGJUADYkhjHMN2cemXMZYBlTAUrfgaE9A3vGixWz+0lLwilPNlf5JB/wBkfpD66p8BEksKjKrKo5nJXRbbQ3olSnAClqAdk2bjmt5PFPJ33zTQFSmlGhIJzDm7hv2jIoJ+lQKSmhDN6Nd4HCtYpj6eFE8vUTs3GMX2OVamxODUaZgFGW92Iq1avFRtDYHd7bDEzZKg9BVOrEX9HpAGw9srknL9cpVFy1WIOoex5wbM2kiQQvCKWgqJzoXlKeWX19I5Ypxev5/f/wBOeSLWylxEooUQoEFv1CsKWpgXhYyeuYorWoqUS7qiFQq5t8tFHG+xPL6C0YkKQEqdgKC7OatXp5RPLUFAGlCKHX16QFIWBHqFsWLkaNofmkC4mphM9AzH9oUDGcePzzhR1GWP3r2iibiFLQHGUAGrlhWhNGFmis2JtA4eaVfpUhSFA2ZQL9asfCPMVMcJIFDQC9B94gnJDgVYmsDGK48Rkm7sbLTRPCt9fg94s5k0gJApTjpx94rsPMItqK8xQ38BGvwGwsP/AG8ufNnlHad1PdcA2IqORr1gZT49hKHIz2zMPnnypACSFzBUgOQ1Q/8AqwNOLmL/AHux5TjhMH/kFKQnVmzKbTX0EMVtrD4fMMKlZmqGXtlgOEm4QnSo4dXtGd7UqLklSlmpLqJNa8TAU5StrQVqMaTOw7L2nLxCBMQXBvxB4GCyHjD/ANOFAGcnVkkVFu8LX14tUQXvtt2bhpknsyGbMpJ/VVmPI1rxERvF8+KKlk+HJmtWl7hwfKIClny+WlPaHpnOl0lsyXBNqihjBTN758tRlqQhZC6nQh27raEh3reMhjc3SNlNR7Nx/c6Eaio18KHjEhlVoQ4qH/MYfEb4zUoqJQVocqi16hz09YGl70zsyVLYosQKNz5D8Q38NOhX4iBvJmLCSylJBHMdai4inxe9stM5EoS1kKWlPaFgmpAcaqYnlAWByLC2UFZi5NnDcDxFIFxmxlAJMtZCUscpA/253/aBUIr8xrnLwXm8u8owpSgIzrIJqaAW8XOjiKbf3ZwWZOKQCQsBKuhTmSeWvpFhvwgKlyiBmOdwxrYk9R+0N2Ojt8DMlAkpDpCmP6gFi1aE+UbFqMVJeDpW5OL8nPJiKgai/vE0wvXj8tCACSyhUitWIPIwwK8Bz4Xi79SP9BA3HrxiWWlg+nPi8RoDHp97eH5hwTmbr8EEmC0FKxS8uRS1KQKpSSW4UB4Wgaemj6QQqWSlTH6A7E6Ppxu8FbHwQmzUS3OVQ75SzgGlMwu5DsCz9W3kls7i3o9mSM0pj2aFhIWhuzAUAAFAqfN2mre0VyvptUX+eUarF7u4da1yJCymci4mEEL7j0fV26B4yqJgZrqcg2bw9a8oHHJS6NyJrs9RdrvpGy2ZtKVNEsz5nZTZVEqTTMkCgU45WFD4xkcOSlxUBSWtcEjiOV4Ykly/wR08akdDI4mg3j2omYpkpQpQvNSSnNRyGP594oUpAqK6AN88I8UulA1GZoeUVABegICa16cQXEbGKgqBlLk7GSUpepbw8tY8mOWhinCiDcaERf7N3fE/CmZJmEzkE5kEAamgPTXi4gnJR2zFFy0iimN4ws1SVXjWbZ3fR2UlciTMzFs6QSVMR+pyWq1rOeECb07vIw8tMwLOZRbKSG492jlrQMc0XSDeKStmfSS7afaGkH8+UXat15wlib3SnIFFP66hyGAv4xTqTUAnW+vCxgozjLoGUZLsHnIZRDg8xX1hQQZXyn5hQwWVcqWSO6kqV+kAEniWArxhql1qC4uCGrrQ1frBEmeqVlUlZSvlQh6GoNmJESba2icROKylKVKSHyhnIDOauTbwAEKSbY9tUR4IhwWSrTKaCtAbtyc0Htq8BKH/AIfiZKi6pKszgDuunkdFBQjEpJDs7Mx8NDy1i+3amTJUucFSlFE5ASleWmbMCkAnQ1oHq0KyQ/UPHIDmYfu5q0LemvD9ojUkoKVBxlIIPN3f2i3nbOny0KXOkLyC6nSGDgW4vyhuAnS1jIF942CxW3EUs3lA8vrZvHw9Bm4+MCcWEkh5iCm36nChYcj5w/8AqU5nJFW7MVb/AJjcxJgsOiXOlzBLykKFRUauPnKLjfjBCaErGbMkUIIYhRD3/mnWEuSU1IbT4NFvszGD+1Qt0lpTliGdKah3I0Z3jm2HwwmJdLAjMr/ly3pq9/PSNxuYk/2y5aq5FFKXrTKDxs5ZuUc7QnsqKSAxYilGPfF728jGYlTdMLI7SsIKCoFgCKWBI5a11hq5dwAWIcEpNWf9/KCJezELClpOUsGs3Pz5QxUhUopVMSoucqSMp/UDUcO8fF7xTHKumyaWN9g82YoZcpIpRzV+P8wTi9sTcqWWpxdiWIo1OkDz5bEprWo6FiD01iIqe5vd+Ovr94coxexLbR0PYU5U7BgskzZNBYpNMyWIJDlJrzcFobuxtSSuYtCO4qaCRRnKXPFnY+hjM7nbXOHmhJrLWQFhiSL94dCedIk3n3fmYdZxEtQydo6MuZ0PVyWoCS1zeJZY483F+eilTfFNeOwPbeyjKmgKNVKJHR1cfLwgNMsglwzOCRw+aco2e38GMdh5c+StAWlFXJApUg8GUDcaxj8DPKSM1Rcjj61/eCxt8a8oGaV34I0Icg6M9dWuKRIE/qFtPP5aHy8el1IyuXcG12f0h6ZaagMQ19C/D4IO39UDX07IZyFAh+nn89YdlMtNAb0WHFaOH5U84nk4OZOOVCcy2sODXc0AiTE7FnpmoSUEKWQEk5cpI5gkeca8i6szg/o2WysGZypeIXmStCWSpaE98EULXcGygQ7nQxYHC4OUrKUyUqmUGYJOY215p6PzjOT9p4vCpTLUmqqhu+dSoBuelfxS7GC5c+XOnBXZrJdT5swHeL3dlAUP+sS+3acr14KPcppUbibsiQkgzJcsswDgMGDJDKfNXxsKxDid35AmhZlDKpJdDAM1RlCWcs9GqBejGhG0UnH0X/jWop7wBbMACEtoS1eY4RPgN4smIMuZ/kCVkJWGFLDNmGjnUax3tzXX0dzg+/s0J2BhS57BFUghg1BUU0PvrBSMBLQkplpSh6dxkGrD6gHB9awyZtFCJqZLspTZQQ4ZtK8ma96NGf2tvIUPLqJgoskHuhy+WocijeBhcYzk6GScI7BcTPTiMLiUrCVTZLKSstmyvxBukOLmM9sPGmROTMSWALKAeoN9G84Wz8UqUtbJBC0FKgXDpUx/B8ICeoI0pZ49COOk14IZTtp+Ts0pQLHyP5hkyQCxVUAgtwI1/aK7YW1e1kpXUhql0u4opwDp01DCD5yEqSQbMSSOnKrt7R5rTTpnoJpq0Ue+W1ZkmW0shJKgKgkkEE00o1b+sc5XV+Ji53i2mqbNUxJQkBLO4LH6g3Gho0VCix9Xj08GPhE8/NPlIIGIl/qSp9WUkD/4woGKAa/aFDuKE2wNGEeV2rkMoJob0L6cCPAx4tASAcwCntwAap/iPcRNUQlDnKw7thR9PE1iCcl83RzUchCUmx+ka6Ts7DYZATjUIV2rqRMlqUpu7YgM+hDOCYBmYjF4mVIlpSoSEBKEqyMlRSyQtRNhUcq6xXbvpSufIRNyqQ9UrJYucqQBX9RBbVq6x12RKypCXZuIDU4AW6WiXNL239spxR5r6RnNt4TGIwSkFaFpEtllIVnIsangKk+HM85kKYBmpTnHcAvx6RyXe7BdlPIzZhRnACrBNRcil2ApSO9Pku4szPCtoCw20pkogpUXBdiXDVv1joWw8QMXhghZAWl0kC+Ul0mOaTUuXGjm3lrzi22XtBcsEyyygksQxIBPA/jUw7LhU1S7EwyOLtmz2PMEla5M3uKJOVSqBbJAJSTQ0YxS7Q2bIQVJNU6EPcd4gEUsYzeK2lMnrR20xSmoCTZ9WA9uUNmYgoJSk90EkcLN7e0Jfp5R3exvvKWq0FYOaZfdAJSOeh+kdRXrBGIxKip1fGYU4RAraWdCAABNCgAUipBDMXpcAci2jwlyrOSFXIJD+UHS8mf2Jp2DlkqKZpql0doWVn7oyKP05SAWU4qlizxXLkVKSQ41FQeh4O7HnEs45qHhZ7fvDsDhFEKAJK0pJJdIoAdSQ1K6w/G6Qie2QJHP7C35g3HbUmLkollSsqWCkuWLUTR24QCFm5vZtf3iTCSyc2tC7cqk9DByS8gJkZ9ToOn8RIdfz5REA5pofH5SJE6nwgH3sJdDVJ7zjTnEoPhX2hoS1Gu/leGKJAZrfxHPZy0XWyNodhOEw1CqKbRJuwsSD943W0MMVISULstKhwIBB+2nGOZ6AO4s41HjpHUMA3YygGohI0YAM9qRH6iPTK8Eu0B4Yr7eZNV/rllghud2483jPbYwaOxJnzFInKJWmWkko4Nl0cNXSnSNzLTSpfjHOd48N2eKWCKKZYfWn5cQGDcqsLM6XRWIHBjr4w6WsO2r8Lv6CPcJjMpcAMTUePtB6cLLWQyspeoIp4GLW67RGlfRNjJilyZC0hQmSlFJUCXAHeABd9TWIN4cf2ykKUllZADlF1OS73txeCMRgJyJfcL6sC/GrcYgn4iYUBMxLmWqrpsFfbhGRa7Rsr8g8nDFRSB9Si3nQdKxFPwSk1IpV+oNfCD8PiJakjOkpZ6ioJBA1vRqRMEpIaXNSXNjQ+Dx3OSZyimM2PtqZICgkBSVAd1dQGYAjozNyi0n74KWChMs1oSD3k0rlYUqzEvziqOCIUQRAWMw+RajUAhuVRXrHJQlto1ucdJgYLnmSb8eHzjHhseUSKQQXSxca/LxGoVbV6xQmhNDFAg29Y9hFCzWFB6A2D7WkqlrUhX1pVlU1nYQPNS71u2mv4jZb5qw87DIxSVHtXShiat3qKA1FS/raMaQche9OvxolwzbWyvLGnoilBu9cpII8DX2jtuyMemfKRNSGCkuzgtxD8jSOK6NZ+dNP28o6duTtczZAQpSc6AwDgEoFjl5Bh5cYV6uNqw/TSqVGnLAE8LxzL+o+Ey4kLLNMAqxBpQjgQA1RXvV0jpqTGK/qXhiUSpgqElSSP8AqIYtwdg/MRN6d1NFGZXBmHlS3YVP7QRhvqWoC9DwrX1I9IDlAjR+nz5WJ5s52FGsMoApcPxL6mseguyB9A6Ayq8j4/t9ocoPXQe1fnjHuIRpoKh+HCCsJs6bNyoly1KJNAzUrcmmh8o2bpW2ZFXoBWDYeDjzjX7K2J2uDC00L90j6mTlenAGnQiK2dutPEpU1QSgJV3gSSpLKYuAGAavSsaMYROyzn/4+YMkF0hIqV2cV7l9R5R5JKWk9lUYuO2UOLwSpEzKpBBajl341F6wFipQS6hUE95vH0+aRp9m70STMZUtkzEOkKIKSRcOwYtQBvGM9jpbLUlSWDumhYVOW9+DQMJyUqkbKMWrRGuTmSD70qA/zrDcNKHapGisrh8ouLnQc/xEC5ygpgCKgM76NTW/8R5MUauTxremj8GB9ItTckSuosMxbpWuXRSUqJSAoKFT3u83eDfmK9CGJHm8Fdo6gVfqAalALU8jEOIWR3hzB4DT2jVdUDrsU6lQ/wDNKw0qcE8PRnhykHICeY8q/f3iJSmtYtTwjP1NCpYqkaN61+0dJ3YmBeElhnGXKX5UI6RzadJIJBooNQg2NfZvOOlbqSgMJJY/pr1cg8dfgib1H5Uyj0/5mWaEkX04BqaekZDf/DEGWtgQe7m1BuBdm8I2FRp5RU73JfCTGD2LDgFCJsUqmmPyxuLOZpLP4t4wYj6Vd4Gzcx89oEUaDlX8e0EpPds37x6d7PPXRJgJ03tEplqU5ISA9HfnTQRplrJzpWhM0/SpQbM9qpD1Favwii3YSP7qXnynvagGtx4uzHjDMRiyqctaS2ZRNLXvwJv5mAnDlOg4y4xsmmYJDhIUUk6K41raIJ2zFpAIY0NAa6/aCcFiUYhWSfrQTAag6PyNoiWhcheRRyhtWUGIv4nWB2nx8m6avwAImzJau6ohr1pFxhtsuP8AIhKhroetKQ6TJEyWp2KuNuNnvpQQMjCjKM1Ofgb8IFzV7QSxutMMlSCUK7JKGWMgzsVVNwAXBcAO2sAYuVNl5UzEsHewNbO4qw+NBK5uJSkpTMUUFDJ7zDKTcP4ViLHbVLVZasuRSykVFiCzOHs8FHb+NGPS2V5HIeUKPEzSKfaPYfQrkiqxkwGhcnNU9Uh29I8Utg5vw5NChRlaQX2RSlEMNb+r+N9YPw2KMqaiZJUXFW4OwINGIvChRq26Zng22G3/AJRp2Swqr1DWp5mKreTepc2X2YT2YUagF3ToHYM787QoUJWCC8BvNN6sy+GlFWbKHCA6qigKkpfzULVrD9nTEhae07yAe8BwcO3NoUKD+zK6Z1WZsTCTZRSiVLqhgrJUBQcFzXUG8B4fYuKmoy4mblXLU8mdKPeYggunKAxDXrHkKPNnJxdItglJWy0m7JUyyFhRXKyLSpIyzFAMlam1aha4bgIzu+mLRKly0EDtMlUqGZOWgLk6uKKFac4UKMwu5pBZVUGYHELCh2ZQAU2bmczeZPpFrsrbeT/HPZcoUdQJIawfhTg8KFF04KXxZFGTWy8x+xA2ZAdDAgKNQTZj1rFFtCUEsgBiak686/aFCiHBkkpNX0V5IJxsHxiGULVAZv3hLqo86+x9j6woUetD5K2efJU6QkqdLACmvBmiEhyTx94UKOoxsLwIBLEUIcHgRG93SnpEnKkkkVIIsToOUeQokzK4v+5TidSL8TYg2iQZMygPcNC7GhLGFCiNL5FTejkqE1YGhsW94mWcpKa0oeov6iFCj1prZ5kXom2bjBKmImFObKQSH15fiLLb+zlS1qmCstZzA6jNViOI8rQoUJnJqcf+BsIpwZTTAEq5K4cf5i8whOJkqlqHelpK0Kfgzg8rGFCgs2lZmHbordn4hQAA1UP/AOg0Hq213RLNEp+E8R4QoUdxUpbN5OMdE+P2kmYkBIIavgBbnYvFEiYAUJ0JAtzDwoUcoJJ0c5N1ZeLlygW7MUpYH1MKFCibkyjij//Z




Val Camonica, Lombardia, ITALY

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'azz..... la tribú dei piedi neri è sbarcata in val camonica :)
Mi hanno preceduto, arrivo a Malpensa domani.

Comunque, credo che per incominciare e' utile farsi una idea generale, Il termine "Nativo" e' un po' genralizzato e lo si potrebbe applicare dall' Alaska alla terra del fuoco, ecco a grandi linee, il primo ordine di suddivisione, Si parla di "Culture".

culture-areas3.gif


A mio parere, le 'Culture" si distinguevano tra di loro piu' che altro per la morfologia del territorio e dalle risorse primarie in quella zona.

Per esempio, posso asserire con quasi sicurezza che gli Abitanti della cultura 'Caraibica" Non sapevano nulla di come uccidere e scuoiare un Bisonte, una delle risorse primarie degli abitanti delle praterie.

Un'altro indizio sulla diversita' degli abitanti e' dato dai vari gruppi linguistici del Nord America.

continent.gif


Interessante, per esempio, le lingue irochesi, in blu', e quelle dei Sioux, in giallo, staccate e segmentate. Cio' suggerisce fenomeni di trans-migrazione delle popolazioni stesse, da una parte all' altra.

Infatti, anche i Nativi Americani hanno la loro "Preistoria", fatta di migrazioni, conquiste, battaglie, alleanze, genocidi, periodi di pace. Inoltre, come credo per tutti i popoli, c'erano i gruppi piu' aggressivi, quelli piu' pacifici, quelli fortunati e quelli meno, personaggi leader piu' intelligenti, quelli piu' succubi etc etc. Si potrebbe generalizzare ( ma nel corso di questa discussione troveremo anche esempi specifici) che tutto era una corsa per cercare le risorse per sopravvivere.

L'ultima mappa che metto oggi e' quella che divide ancor di piu' le "Culture" ed i gruppi linguistici in Tribu' al tempo del contatto con gli Europei. I suoi confini non collimano esattamente cone le altre mappe, ma appunto, questo e' testimonianza della complessita' del tema che include revisioni continue, oggigiorno basate anche sulle relazioni che ogni tribu' ha con quelle adiacenti basati su diritti di terra, reperti archeologici, memorie culturali ed altro, ed anche qui', mostreremo esempi specifici.




Che cosa pensate di questa complessita? :)
 
Stavo dando uno sguardo ieri:


Newspaper rock, UTAH.

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




Val Camonica, Lombardia, ITALY

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e qui ci calza a pennello il detto: " tutto il mondo è paese" ;) ;)
 
Mi hanno preceduto, arrivo a Malpensa domani.

Comunque, credo che per incominciare e' utile farsi una idea generale, Il termine "Nativo" e' un po' genralizzato e lo si potrebbe applicare dall' Alaska alla terra del fuoco, ecco a grandi linee, il primo ordine di suddivisione, Si parla di "Culture".

culture-areas3.gif


A mio parere, le 'Culture" si distinguevano tra di loro piu' che altro per la morfologia del territorio e dalle risorse primarie in quella zona.

Per esempio, posso asserire con quasi sicurezza che gli Abitanti della cultura 'Caraibica" Non sapevano nulla di come uccidere e scuoiare un Bisonte, una delle risorse primarie degli abitanti delle praterie.

Un'altro indizio sulla diversita' degli abitanti e' dato dai vari gruppi linguistici del Nord America.

continent.gif


Interessante, per esempio, le lingue irochesi, in blu', e quelle dei Sioux, in giallo, staccate e segmentate. Cio' suggerisce fenomeni di trans-migrazione delle popolazioni stesse, da una parte all' altra.

Infatti, anche i Nativi Americani hanno la loro "Preistoria", fatta di migrazioni, conquiste, battaglie, alleanze, genocidi, periodi di pace. Inoltre, come credo per tutti i popoli, c'erano i gruppi piu' aggressivi, quelli piu' pacifici, quelli fortunati e quelli meno, personaggi leader piu' intelligenti, quelli piu' succubi etc etc. Si potrebbe generalizzare ( ma nel corso di questa discussione troveremo anche esempi specifici) che tutto era una corsa per cercare le risorse per sopravvivere.

L'ultima mappa che metto oggi e' quella che divide ancor di piu' le "Culture" ed i gruppi linguistici in Tribu' al tempo del contatto con gli Europei. I suoi confini non collimano esattamente cone le altre mappe, ma appunto, questo e' testimonianza della complessita' del tema che include revisioni continue, oggigiorno basate anche sulle relazioni che ogni tribu' ha con quelle adiacenti basati su diritti di terra, reperti archeologici, memorie culturali ed altro, ed anche qui', mostreremo esempi specifici.




Che cosa pensate di questa complessita? :)
molto interessante.


Non ho trovato traccia nella mappa dei Seminole e dei Creek che sono dello stesso ceppo credo.
forse mi sono sfuggiti ma la loro posizione in Florida o vicino dovrebbe aver facilitato la ricerca.
Così mi chiedo se possano mancare perchè (a quanto mi risulta) sono l'unica tribù che mai si è arresa
all'esercito USA.
 
e qui ci calza a pennello il detto: " tutto il mondo è paese" ;) ;)
Ciao Bizia. Poveri cervi eh? Ovunque e comunque cornuti e mazziati! :)


Non ho trovato traccia nella mappa dei Seminole e dei Creek
Hai ragione che i Seminole non hanno mai firmato un trattato di resa. I Seminole hanno sedi in Oklahoma e Florida ed insieme con la sotto-tribu' dei Miccosukee hanno riserve odierne nel rettangolo dove c'e' scritto "Tequesta", che era la proto-tribu' della zona.


flmap.jpg



Tipico riparo:

seminole-tribe-2.jpg




Piove molto da quelle parti, anche i fuochi devono rimanere coperti. L'Emblema dei Seminole:

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
seminole.gif



I Seminole non mancano, ci sono, ed in Florida hanno anche molto potere economico e politico dovuto alle loro compagnie ed imprese nel campo del gioco d'azzardo.



Il sigillo dei Creek:






Il nome originale dei Creek era: Muscogee, li trovi dove ci sono le Caroline.


Referenze e links a piu' foto:
http://www.semtribe.com/
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seminole_Tribe_of_Florida
https://www.google.it/search?q=seminole+everglade&espv=2&biw=1366&bih=655&tbm=isch&imgil=NKZ4Q7R483IK7M%3A%3BI7gfKAGRp3-bfM%3Bhttp%253A%252F%252Fwww.pbs.org%252Fnationalparks%252Fmedia_detail%252F520%252F&source=iu&pf=m&fir=NKZ4Q7R483IK7M%3A%2CI7gfKAGRp3-bfM%2C_&usg=__NFfTWxVowDYTqQQ27-_PQQkQCV0=&ved=0CD0Qyjc&ei=_zEUVbTWB8rlUeuLgxg#imgdii=_
http://www.miccosukee.com/
http://www.muscogeenation-nsn.gov/
 
Ultima modifica:
La premessa è sicuramente coinvolgente :si:!!! Non ho ancora avuto tempo di "studiarla" bene per cui, per adesso, anch'io come @Piervi, scrivo solo per ricevere le notifiche e per incoraggiarti a proseguire ;).

P.S.: Se sbucassero fuori altri utenti informati su altre etnie (magari anche quelle che hai incontrato "oltre oltre oceano" e cioè l'oltre oceano visto dalla tua prospettiva :-?:woot:), si potrebbe aggiungere una sezione apposita (in effetti ho cercato su "riflessioni" andando per esclusione :)) ... ma questo è un altro discorso e per di più prematuro ... ora lascio parlare l'esperto :ignore:;)
 
Semi, niente esperti qui! :) solo una bella discussione. :)

Sarebbe bello si'. Il tuo pensiero mi da' uno spunto a raccontare una teoria che mi ha incominciato a frullare nella testa da un po' di tempo:

L'episodio dell' Incontro tra i Nativi d'Ameria e gli Europei non e' che un'altra puntata del dramma che si svolge da tempi immemorabili tra il cacciatore e l'agricoltore dove l'agricoltore alla fine vince perche' ha bisogno di meno terra, ha piu' tempo di dedicarsi alla formazione di un esercito e crea e mantiene una popolazione maggiore.

Cio' che rende questa puntata Americana particolarmente affascinante a noi che la osserviamo,con giusta melanconia per "civilta' perdute", "modi di vita bilanciati con la natura" eccetera e' il fatto che l'umanita' dopo essersi sviluppata a stentoni a destra e sinistra, si e' ri-incontrata Nelle Americhe con un enorme divario tecnologico a favore dell'Agricoltore ed in piu' questo e' successo abbastanza recentemente, cio' che ha permesso un certo grado di documentazione. Mi chiedo cosa potremmo pensare di quelli che hanno fatto fuori gli Euganei, in Italia, per esempio, se avessimo fotografie in pose romantiche di questi ultimi.

E' ovvio che ci sono le eccezioni, la prima addirittura quella di Cristoforo Colombo che intraprese il suo viaggio per motivi diversi dell'agricoltura, ma sto' parlando della storia umana in generale.

Al tempo tirero' fuori anche qualche scritto di esperto che sostiene che questo fenomeno era presente anche tra le tribu' Native stesse: Gli Iroquois erano considerati particolarmente aggressivi perche' erano il gruppo nel Nord Est che piu' si avvaleva dell'agricoltura, permettendo il tempo e l' aumento di popolazione per formare un "Esercito" molto piu' grande dei loro nemici.
 
L'episodio dell' Incontro tra i Nativi d'Ameria e gli Europei non e' che un'altra puntata del dramma che si svolge da tempi immemorabili tra il cacciatore e l'agricoltore dove l'agricoltore alla fine vince perche' ha bisogno di meno terra, ha piu' tempo di dedicarsi alla formazione di un esercito e crea e mantiene una popolazione maggiore.
Al tempo tirero' fuori anche qualche scritto di esperto che sostiene che questo fenomeno era presente anche tra le tribu' Native stesse: Gli Iroquois erano considerati particolarmente aggressivi perche' erano il gruppo nel Nord Est che piu' si avvaleva dell'agricoltura, permettendo il tempo e l' aumento di popolazione per formare un "Esercito" molto piu' grande dei loro nemici.
Questi due passi sembra quasi nascondano un paradosso: gli agricoltori hanno bisogno di meno terra ma, alla fine, sono loro ad invadere i cacciatori :)

Cio' che rende questa puntata Americana particolarmente affascinante a noi che la osserviamo,con giusta melanconia per "civilta' perdute", "modi di vita bilanciati con la natura" eccetera e' il fatto che l'umanita' dopo essersi sviluppata a stentoni a destra e sinistra, si e' ri-incontrata Nelle Americhe con un enorme divario tecnologico a favore dell'Agricoltore ed in piu' questo e' successo abbastanza recentemente, cio' che ha permesso un certo grado di documentazione. Mi chiedo cosa potremmo pensare di quelli che hanno fatto fuori gli Euganei, in Italia, per esempio, se avessimo fotografie in pose romantiche di questi ultimi.
Andando ancora più indietro, la "preistoria" ci "racconta" anche il reincontro tra "noi" e i neanderthal dopo centinaia di migliaia di anni. Lì non c'erano agricoltori, ma anche quello, comunque sia andata, non è finito bene...

AHH!! Non ce la faccio proprio a restare in topic!!!! :wall::wall::azz::azz: è che è un argomento troppo vasto e troppo interessante :( ... scusate!!!:sorry:
 
GLI ANTICHI.

A cavallo di quello che adesso e' il punto di unione tra quattro stati: Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, Utah, si sviluppo' si pensa dall'incirca il 1500 AC la cultura degli Anasazi.



Non avevano scrittura, avevano una conoscenza dell'astronomia, il lloro sostentamento era basato su caccia ed agricoltura ed hanno lasciato interessanti testimonianze architettoniche, due delle piu' importanti sono chaco Canyon e Mesa Verde.

Chaco:

Chaco-Canyon-ABQ-Journal.jpg



Mesa Verde:

20529-004-29203FA6.jpg


Tutto stava andando bene per gli Anasazi: La terra era quel giusto mix che permetteva l'agricoltura e la caccia, viste le risorse stabili, la popolazione cresceva ed il loro territorio non fu' bersaglio di importante invasioni. Tutto fini' all'incirca intorno al 1,250 AD quando un insieme di studi interdisciplinari, mettendo insieme reperti e dati antropologici, climatici, archeologici suggerisce che il clima si fece molto piu' secco e freddo e la zona non pote' piu' sostenere il gran numero di abitanti, causando un esodo per sopravvivere contornato da massacri, cannibalismo ed altre tensioni all'interno stesso della loro stesaa civilizzazione.

Ho trovato che Wikipedia Italiana descrive abbastanza bene la loro civilta', vi lascio il link, insieme ad altri:

http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anasazi
http://www.ilnavigatorecurioso.it/2014/02/27/mesa-verde-lascesa-e-lenigmatica-scomparsa-degli-anasazi/
http://www.crowcanyon.org/
http://www.nps.gov/meve/index.htm
http://www.nps.gov/chcu/index.htm


sul tema di ieri, metto una mappa generalizzata sulla teoria delle migrazioni dell' umanita':

mp_full.2.jpg


fonte: http://ngm.nationalgeographic.com/ngm/0603/feature2/map.html

Per completezza: Devo dire che un giorno ho incontrato un signore che sosteneva che l'Essere umano non si e' sviluppato uniformemente, ma spontaneamente in varie zone della terra.
 
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Per completezza: Devo dire che un giorno ho incontrato un signore che sosteneva che l'Essere umano non si e' sviluppato uniformemente, ma spontaneamente in varie zone della terra.
pur rispettando ogni opinione,
direi che in base alle conoscenze attuali della genetica tale ipotesi abbia un livello di probabilità
infinitesimale.
 
A cavallo di quello che adesso e' il punto di unione tra quattro stati: Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, Utah, si sviluppo' si pensa dall'incirca il 1500 AC la cultura degli Anasazi.
Per continuare i parallelismi tra le varie sponde dell'Atlantico, lo stile di costruzione degli Anasazi lo ho trovato simile pure qui in Italia e piuttosto diffuso (se non erro si trova dovunque si possa scavare nell'arenaria ;)), per la precisione nelle "case grotta" di Mombarone (Asti) e di Matera e dietro Ascoli Piceno nel "Parchetto del Ceresa" (dal Nord, al centro, al sud :)) ...

Per completezza: Devo dire che un giorno ho incontrato un signore che sosteneva che l'Essere umano non si e' sviluppato uniformemente, ma spontaneamente in varie zone della terra.
In effetti anche io ho letto che è piuttosto accettata la teoria che l'evoluzione non sia solo "lineare" ma che si può sviluppare anche in modi autonomi e distinti che portano ad un risultato simile: mi vengono in mente "gli occhi" che pare si siano sviluppati indipendentemente in specie diverse portando ad un risultato comune; oppure alle invenzioni e scoperte di asiatici ed europei che portano, in alcuni casi, curiose analogie ..... ma questa teoria dello sviluppo umano diversificato .... mi pare che parta più che altro da una filosofia razzi...ale :roll:
 
BERINGIA

La teoria classica dell' arrivo dei Nativi Americani nel nuovo continente afferma che essi sono passati dall' attuale Siberia all'Alaska principalmente durante l'ultima glaciazione e possibilmente, ma molto limitatamente anche in una piccola era glaciale antecedente. Le recenti analisi genetiche indicano anche un fenomeno di isolamento: In generale non c'e' stato un "Passaggio" sullo stretto di Bering ma bensi' un "Insediamento" isolato poi dall'Asia e dal quale poi derivarono poi tutti i "nativi" delle Americhe, o almeno "tutti" gli antenati di quelli su cui sono stati fatti i tests generici. Inoltre, il progresso verso Sud fu fatto a singhiozzo, dovuto ai vari disgeli asincronici delle zone dove passarono i colonizzatori.

beringamigration.jpg






Come al solito, vi sono anche dei casi recenti che suggeriscono invece un apporto piu' diversificato. la trama e' lunga, variegata ed ancora in via di sviluppo. Affascinante.

http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Beringia
http://www.avvenire.it/Cultura/Pagine/beringia-la-porta-di-america.aspx
http://www.beringia.com/
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/8/8f/PaleoChart2.jpg/300px-PaleoChart2.jpg
http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2014/04/140227-native-americans-beringia-bering-strait-pit-stop/

la tabella a meta' pagina delle aperture dei vari corridoi di insediamento.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Settlement_of_the_Americas


Per portare avanti l'interessante contrappunto di Semimonade sui parallelismi, e piu' precisamente sulle "Origini", ho letto ultimamente delle cose interessanti sulle origini geografiche dei "Veneti" Che presero il posto degli "Euganei", solo per citare un esempio di Proto-Italiani. :)
 
Crafter, super, complimenti e grazie :) Al momento non ho info personali per interagire, ma coi tuoi post mi sto erudendo :)
 
LA MADRE DI TUTTE LE CAUSE.



Al momento non ho info personali per interagire

Sono sempre pronto ad aiutare : :) :)


Dalle parti tue c'era un gran gruppo di tribu', dai Massapequa ai Montauk. Ne sono rimaste due: I Shinnecock ed un'altra che non mi ricordo. Ci potrai tenere al corrente della questione del Golf Club:

c'e' una disputa tra i Shinnecock e gli amministratori della citta' di Southhaptons. I Shinnecock dicono che nel 1703 hanno dato un permesso ai settlers di usare il terreno per 1,000 anni. Su parte di questo terreno fu poi costruito uno dei piu' blasonati Golf Clubs degli USA. Nel 1859 i settlers hanno presentato in corte dei documenti che trasformavano il permesso in un contratto di vendita. I Shinnecock dicono che ques't ultimo documento e' falso e dal 2005 le controparti si stanno battendo in tribunale. Il valore odierno della terra del Golf ed altri terreni disputati si aggira nell'ordine di parecchi miliardi di dollari.

ci potresti tenere al corrente degli eventi :)

qui' le referenze per il "Shinnecock cultural center:

http://shinnecockmuseum.com/?sid=135&aid=6802&idpage=Visit Us
 
Clovis o non Clovis.

S i teorizza che dopo l'attraversamento del corriddoio tra i due ghiacciai, i nativi si spostarono gradualmente a Sud. Fino a poco tempo fa' i reperti piu' antichi trovati nel nuovo mondo erano situati intorno alla cittadina di Clovis, nel Nuovo Messico, e risalivano a circa 11,000 anni fa'.

mapp1.gif



A seguito della scoperta, il cui reperto piu' saliente fu' chiamato proprio la Punta Clovis, furono scoperti molte di queste punte in tutto il Nord America, e certi ritrovamenti sono associati con siti che nuove tecniche piu' precise hanno datato precedentemente a quelli trovati a Clovis stessa.

Una Punta Clovis:

clovis.jpg


Ho trovato qualcosa in Italiano, ma metto anche referenze Inglesi, tra le quali una mappetta che mostra i nuovi ritrovamenti.

http://it.wikipedia.org/wiki/Cultura_Clovis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clovis_culture
http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/ancient/explore-pre-clovis-sites.html
 
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